Pelvic ultrasound Abdominal

Pelvic ultrasound –Transabdominal method

Exploration of the Pelvis through Transabdominal Ultrasound Imaging is called a Pelvic Ultrasound

Alternative Terminology

Pelvic Sonography; Ultrasonography of the Pelvis; Pelvic Scanning; Ultrasonography of the Lower Abdomen; Gynecologic Ultrasonography; Transabdominal Ultrasonography

Procedure Description

During this test, the patient lies supine on the examination table. A transparent ultrasound gel is applied to the abdominal region by the sonologist.

By sliding a transducer probe across the gel-covered skin surface, the provider initiates the scan, facilitating the transmission of high-frequency sound waves.

These waves permeate the gel and subsequently reflect off the body’s internal structures, yielding a series of data which is processed by the machine and displays the visual representation of the internal organs.

The resulting image is projected onto a monitor, enabling the healthcare professional to interpret and analyse the displayed information.

In certain cases, women may undergo a transvaginal ultrasound concurrently, depending on the purpose of the examination.

Preparation Guidelines

To optimize visualization of the pelvic organs, a full urinary bladder may be necessary for the ultrasound. Filling the urinary bladder aids in examining structures such as the uterus and ovaries.

Prior to the procedure, the patient may be instructed to consume adequate water to ensure bladder distension. It is advisable to refrain from urinating until the conclusion of the examination.

Sensations Experienced during the Procedure

The pelvic ultrasound is a non-invasive and well-tolerated test devoid of discomfort. The application of conductive gel may evoke a mild sensation of coldness and moisture.

Indications for the Test

Few indications for performing this test are :

  • Identification of cysts, fibroids, tumors, or other growths or masses in the pelvic area discovered upon clinical examination.
  • Detection of bladder abnormalities or growths.
  • Diagnosis of kidney /ureteric stones.
  • Assessment of pelvic inflammatory disease, an infection affecting the uterus, ovaries, or fallopian tubes.
  • Evaluation of abnormal vaginal bleeding.
  • Investigation of menstrual irregularities.
  • Examination of infertility issues.
  • Verification of a healthy, uncomplicated pregnancy.
  • Identification of ectopic pregnancies occurring outside the uterus.
  • Assessment of pelvic pain.
  • Utilization as an imaging guide during biopsies to facilitate needle placement.

Expected Findings

In the absence of abnormalities, the pelvic ultrasound will exhibit normal structures within the pelvis.

Interpretation of Abnormal Findings

An abnormal outcome may indicate various conditions, including but not limited to:

  • Abscess formation within the ovaries, fallopian tubes, or pelvis.
  • Congenital malformations of the uterus or vagina.
  • Presence of malignant tumors affecting the bladder, cervix, uterus, ovaries, vagina, or other pelvic structures.
  • Presence of growths or lesions surrounding the uterus and ovaries, such as cysts or fibroids.
  • Torsion (twisting) of the ovaries.
  • Enlargement of lymph nodes within the pelvic region.

Potential Risks

Pelvic ultrasound does not pose any known harmful effects. Unlike X-rays, this imaging modality does not involve exposure to radiation.

However, you can book an appointment at the best diagnostic centre in Bangalore today to learn more about pelvic ultrasounds.